What is Civil Litigation?
- Litigation is the formal legal process which takes place when a case is handled through the Singapore Court system. Through legal proceedings conducted in Court, parties whom are involved in a legal dispute obtain the Court’s judgment and decision on how the dispute should be settled.
- There are generally 2 types of litigation:
- Civil litigation: this is the type of Court proceeding which take place if the legal dispute relates to a civil case and if the case involves a person’s private rights and liabilities
- Criminal litigation: this is the type of Court proceeding which take place if the legal dispute relates to a criminal case and if the case involves a question of whether person is guilty or innocent of having having committed a criminal offence
- If party is involved in a civil case and seeking to set right an undesirable situation, he may wish to commence civil litigation proceedings to pursue a civil claim against the wrongful party.
- Common civil claims include the following:
- Claim for breach of contract
- Claim for the financial or non-financial damage or injury caused by a party’s wrongful acts
- A civil claim can be started by either a person or a company / organisation with its own separate legal identity.
I had no idea that a civil claim can be started by someone with a separate legal aid. This would certainly make it a lot easier for someone to get into this legal situation. My cousin might like knowing this as she researches civil litigation.