• Litigation is the formal legal process which takes place when a case is handled through the Singapore Court system. Through legal proceedings conducted in Court, parties whom are involved in a legal dispute obtain the Court’s judgment and decision on how the dispute should be settled.
  • There are generally 2 types of litigation:
    • Civil litigation: this is the type of Court proceeding which take place if the legal dispute relates to a civil case and if the case involves a person’s private rights and liabilities
    • Criminal litigation: this is the type of Court proceeding which take place if the legal dispute relates to a criminal case and if the case involves a question of whether person is guilty or innocent of having having committed a criminal offence
  • If party is involved in a civil case and seeking to set right an undesirable situation, he may wish to commence civil litigation proceedings to pursue a civil claim against the wrongful party.
  • Common civil claims include the following:
    • Claim for breach of contract
    • Claim for the financial or non-financial damage or injury caused by a party’s wrongful acts
  • A civil claim can be started by either a person or a company / organisation with its own separate legal identity.

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